Types of Diabetes

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There are several types of diabetes, including:

1. Type 1 diabetes: This is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. Type 1 diabetes typically develops in childhood or adolescence, and people with this condition need to take insulin injections to control their blood sugar levels.
2. Type 2 diabetes: This is the most common form of diabetes, accounting for about 90% of all cases. Type 2 diabetes is caused by a combination of insulin resistance (when the body’s cells become less responsive to insulin) and impaired insulin secretion. It is often linked to lifestyle factors such as being overweight or inactive, and can often be managed through diet and exercise.
3. Gestational diabetes: This type of diabetes develops during pregnancy, and is caused by hormonal changes and insulin resistance. It typically goes away after pregnancy, but women who have had gestational diabetes are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
4. LADA (latent autoimmune diabetes in adults): This is a form of type 1 diabetes that develops in adults, and is characterized by a slow progression from insulin resistance to a complete loss of insulin production.
5. MODY (maturity-onset diabetes of the young): This is a rare form of diabetes that is caused by genetic mutations that affect insulin production. It typically develops in young adulthood and is often treated with lifestyle changes or oral medications.
6. Secondary diabetes: This is a type of diabetes that develops as a result of another medical condition or treatment, such as pancreatitis, pancreatic surgery, or certain medications.
7. Monogenic diabetes: This is a rare form of diabetes that is caused by a single genetic mutation. It can be diagnosed in children and young adults and is often characterized by a high risk of developing complications.
8. Dystrophic diabetes: This is a rare form of diabetes that is caused by muscle weakness and wasting. It is typically diagnosed in children and young adults and is often associated with muscular dystrophy.

 

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